Commentary & Analysis
Around the Web: Graphene Has its Own Conference. Grin and Bear It. Write About Happiness. Where Have All the English Majors Gone? The Internet in 2030. Epic Flight. IKEA Tarot Cards.
The 14th Graphene Conference meets in Silicon Valley. Bear Naked and Sustainable Pouches. Using digitized books to gauge happiness. English majors are down 25%. What will the Internet look like in 10 years? What does 19 hours on a plane do to the human body? All that and more in WhatTheyThink’s weekly miscellany.
By WhatTheyThink Staff
Published: October 25, 2019
As of 2019, the total amount of space needed to put the text files of the whole of English Wikipedia onto a memory stick is 16GB.— Quite Interesting (@qikipedia) October 14, 2019
Cary Sherburne’s favorite material—graphene—is in the news again! Proponents are gathering in Silicon Valley for the 14th Graphene & 2D Materials show, a B2B conference dedicated to graphene commercialization. The industry is seeing large and diverse orders including thermal spreaders in smart phones and cars, battery electrode additives, anti-corrosion paints, and additives for polymeric pipelines. Hoping they also address the value of graphene to technical textiles!
Bear Naked Stands Up for Recyclability
Says Packaging World: “Confronted with questions around sustainability, the flexible packaging industry is working to make recyclable pouches a reality in support of a more circular economy, using the How2Recycle label.”
Write About Happiness
One of the trickiest things to attempt to objectively and empirically measure is happiness. Surveys that aim to evaluate how happy people are can often be problematic at best. However, via The Big Picture, an interesting study in Nature that attempts to gauge the happiness of various countries—by analyzing books.
it is difficult to estimate how happy people were during previous centuries. Here we show that a method based on the quantitative analysis of natural language published over the past 200 years captures reliable patterns in historical subjective wellbeing. Using sentiment analysis on the basis of psychological valence norms, we compute a national valence index for the United Kingdom, the United States, Germany and Italy, indicating relative happiness in response to national and international wars and in comparison to historical trends in longevity and gross domestic product. We validate our method using Eurobarometer survey data from the 1970s and demonstrate robustness using words with stable historical meanings, diverse corpora (newspapers, magazines and books) and additional word norms. By providing a window on quantitative historical psychology, this approach could inform policy and economic history.
Let’s hope historians of the future don’t try using Twitter for this.
King of All Media
David Attenborough is the only person to have won BAFTAs for programmes broadcast in black & white, colour, HD, 3D, 4K and VR.— Quite Interesting (@qikipedia) October 21, 2019
Here is a sobering statistic via theWashington Post: “English majors are down 25.5 percent since the Great Recession.” (That is, the number of English majors is down 25.5%, not that English majors are 25.5% more depressed, although both those things could be true.) And not just English majors: humanities majors in general are down, as more students opt for STEM classes, especially computer science and engineering. That’s not terribly surprising—that’s pretty much where the jobs have been.
But at least one economist bemoans the decreasing emphasis on the humanities—especially history.
Nobel Prize winner Robert Shiller’s new book “Narrative Economics” opens with him reminiscing about an enlightening history class he took as an undergraduate at the University of Michigan. He wrote that what he learned about the Great Depression was far more useful in understanding the period of economic and financial turmoil than anything he learned in his economic courses.
Other economists are also stressing that it makes sense to not neglect humanities classes even if one’s major is in a more technical field. We can learn a lot from history—but most important of all, we need people who are able to communicate those technical and scientific ideas. “We need storytellers,” the economists say.
And, about those jobs... “Contrary to popular belief, English majors ages 25 to 29 had a lower unemployment rate in 2017 than math and computer science majors.”
...for no reason whatsoever, William Howard Taft riding a water buffalo.
William Howard Taft riding a water buffalo. pic.twitter.com/37JocsLHhd— History Lovers Club (@historylvrsclub) October 21, 2019
Ten Years After
Gizmodo asks, “What will the Internet look like in 2030?” They asked a variety of scholars and other experts and the general consensus is that it’s going to be less of a World Wide Web and more of a network that splits into clans and tribes—and we’re already seeing that today. Indeed, today may very well be the end of the “good old days” of the Internet (although for some, the good old days of the Internet ended in 1998).
Font of Knowledge
Finally, an alignment chart all writers can agree on. pic.twitter.com/dySxkzNuP4— Lincoln Michel (@TheLincoln) October 17, 2019
The Plane Truth
Qantas is performing human experiments in endurance, testing the 10,100-mile, 19½ hours nonstop flight from New York to Sydney, Australia. Angus Whitley of Bloomberg describes his experience on one of the beta flights—which sounds like training for a marathon—or something The Bad Place would inflict on humans.
Says the BBC: “Rats taught to drive tiny cars to lower their stress levels.” Put them on the Mass Pike and the stress levels will shoot right back up.
Room Service: And what would you like with your oatmeal?— J. Elvis Weinstein (@JElvisWeinstein) October 18, 2019
Me: A decimal point? pic.twitter.com/6h803i1eKt
All You Need Is AI
Teaching a machine to compose Beatles lyrics:
She’s so I love her heart.
Well they are; they said I’m so many,
She no surprise
When you’re mine
Sad and the Amsterdam Hilton
they make my way,
Yes I wait a boy been born with a rich man,
OK, so it got off to a rocky start (sounds more like Interpol lyrics). It just takes more machine learning.
My sweet little darling can’t you see,
how wonderful it is when you’re mine.
If only I could be your lover forever,
I can never get my heart, I can’t get my mind.
Getting better all the time (can’t get any worse).
Don’t Be Tarot-Fied
It is available at Etsy.
However, as far as we are concerned, nothing can beat the Hello Kitty Tarot Deck.
This Week in Printing, Publishing, and Media History
1772: English poet, philosopher, and critic Samuel Taylor Coleridge born.
1833: Swedish chemist and engineer, inventor of dynamite and founder of the Nobel Prize Alfred Nobel born.
1879: Thomas Edison applies for a patent for his design for an incandescent light bulb.
1929: American author and critic Ursula K. Le Guin born.
1940: The first edition of the Ernest Hemingway novel For Whom the Bell Tolls is published.
1959: In New York City, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum opens to the public.
1983: The meter is defined as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
1879: Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb (it lasted 13½ hours before burning out).
1959: "Weird Al" Yankovic born.
2012: After 38 years, the world's first teletext service (BBC's Ceefax) ceases broadcast due to Northern Ireland completing the digital switchover.
1861: The first transcontinental telegraph line across the United States is completed.
1911: Orville Wright remains in the air nine minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills, N.C.
1946: A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space.
2003: The Concorde makes its last commercial flight.
1977: Digital Equipment Corporation releases OpenVMS V1.0.
1825: The Erie Canal opens, allowing direct passage from the Hudson River to Lake Erie.
1861: The Pony Express officially ceases operations.
1892: Ida B. Wells publishes Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases.
1946: Puerto Rican actress and author Holly Woodlawn born to walk on the wild side.
1958: Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris.
1858: Theodore Roosevelt born.
1904: The first underground New York City Subway line opens, later designated as the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line.
1923: American painter and sculptor Roy Lichtenstein born.
1932: American poet, novelist, and short story writer Sylvia Plath born.
1939: English actor, comedian, screenwriter, and producer John Cleese born.
2004: The Boston Red Sox defeat the St. Louis Cardinals to win their first World Series in 86 years.