SAN JOSE, Calif., - F-Secure Corporation
(Helsinki: FSC), a world leader in managed security software solutions for the
mobile, distributed enterprise, is warning computer users about an e-mail worm
which is currently spreading globally.
Melissa.W is a version of one of the most widespread viruses in history,
Melissa.A, which spread around the world as an e-mail chain letter in
After January 17th, 2001, F-Secure started receiving reports about a new
version of Melissa, this time spreading in a file called Anniv.doc. By
January 19th, F-Secure had received dozens of infection reports from various
parts of the world, with the rate of infections increasing. It now appears
that this virus could become very widespread rapidly.
This version was named Melissa.W. It's not really a new version of the
virus, in that the format of the infected file has changed. The file Anniv.doc
is in Microsoft Word 2001 for Macintosh format. This is problematic, as
several Anti-virus programs are still unable to handle this new file format,
but the file and the virus is fully functional under both Macintosh and
Windows versions of Microsoft Office.
The only functional difference between Melissa.A and Melissa.W is that the
new W variant does not lower the macro security settings in Word 2000. The
worm sends itself as an e-mail attachment to addresses found from Microsoft
Outlook address book.
Melissa.W can arrive in any document; the attachment does not necessarily
have to be named Anniv.doc. The infected attachments might also contain
confidential data from the infected computers.
"There's nothing really new here," says Mikko Hypponen, Manager of
Anti-Virus research at F-Secure. "But the change in Microsoft file formats
does make this particular version of Melissa somewhat troublesome."
"The worst effects of this worm are the same as for Melissa versions
usually: overloading e-mail servers with huge traffic and sometimes e-mailing
confidential Word documents to a wide audience," he continues.
E-mail worms such as Melissa spread effectively, as users are likely to
open e-mails coming from someone they know. And they don't need to have
Microsoft Outlook to receive the virus in e-mail. However, the virus will not
spread further from a user's machine via e-mail unless they have Outlook
Melissa will not work under Word 95 and will not spread further under
Outlook Express. It can infect Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000 and Macintosh
users. F-Secure Anti-Virus is capable of detecting Melissa.W even though it
spreads inside a Word 2001 for Macintosh document.
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