Kodak Reports Q1: Sales to KPG Down 16%, 225 Nexpress Units Total
Press release from the issuing company
ROCHESTER, N.Y.-- April 23, 2003 -- (Premium Access Members see Raine Radar's summary of Kodak's conference call) -- Eastman Kodak Company today said that first-quarter net income, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) in the U.S., totaled 4 cents per share and that sales rose 1%.
Net worldwide sales of graphic arts products to Kodak Polychrome Graphics ("KPG"), an unconsolidated joint venture affiliate in which the Company has a 50% ownership interest, decreased 16% in the current quarter as compared with the first quarter of 2002, primarily reflecting volume declines in graphic arts film. This reduction resulted largely from digital technology substitution and the effect of continuing economic weakness in the commercial printing market. The Company's equity in the earnings of KPG contributed positive results to "Other charges" during the first quarter of 2003, which were not material to the Company's results from operations.
NexPress, the unconsolidated joint venture between Kodak and Heidelberg in which the Company has a 50% ownership interest, has sold approximately 225 units of the NexPress 2100 Digital Production Color Press through February, with average monthly page volumes for these units running higher than planned.
Kodak's GAAP net income for the quarter included a loss from continuing operations of 1 cent per share and earnings from discontinued operations of 5 cents per share. Excluding the impact of previously announced focused cost reductions and other non-operational items, earnings from continuing operations were 14 cents per share, consistent with the company's forecast.
For the first quarter of 2003:
Sales totaled $2.740 billion, an increase of 1% from $2.706 billion in the first quarter of 2002. Excluding foreign exchange, sales declined 4%.
The company reported net income of $12 million, or 4 cents per share, compared with net income of $39 million, or 13 cents per share, in the first quarter of 2002. The earnings from discontinued operations of $15 million, or 5 cents per share, in the first quarter of 2003 represent certain tax benefits.
Earnings from continuing operations, excluding the impact of focused cost reductions and other non-operational items, were $39 million, or 14 cents per share. The after-tax non-operational items include a charge of $30 million, or 10 cents per share, related to the previously announced focused cost reductions; a charge of $13 million, or 5 cents per share, in connection with the acquisition of technology qualifying as in-process research and development activities; a charge of $7 million, or 3 cents per share, in connection with an intellectual property settlement; and a tax benefit of $8 million, or 3 cents per share, related to the donation of certain patents. There were no similar significant items in the year-ago quarter.
"In these difficult times, Kodak continues to deliver on its commitment to shareholders by managing well those things within our control and by pursuing our strategies for growth," said Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Daniel A. Carp. "We contained costs and strengthened the financial position of the company by paying down debt, compared with the year-ago level, and by driving money-saving operational improvements through our Kodak Operating System. We also benefited from the company's broad-based product portfolio, as solid demand for Health Imaging and Entertainment Imaging products and services helped offset the reduced demand for consumer film caused by the weak economy.
"Kodak continues to execute on its growth strategies by introducing new products and services that reinforce our heritage as the company driving innovation and ease of use in traditional and digital imaging markets," Carp said. "The EasyShare Printer Dock 6000, for example, fulfills two of our four strategies: to make digital easier and to generate the increased printing of pictures. The EasyShare LS633 zoom digital camera is the first to use our innovative, award-winning OLED flat-panel display technology, reflecting our strategy to create new businesses in new markets. And the success of our new Vision2 color-negative motion-picture film is an example of our strategy to maximize the value of film. Executing on these strategies today will put Kodak in a better position to accelerate growth when the economy recovers."
Other first-quarter 2003 details from continuing operations:
Kodak's use of cash was much lower than the historical average in the first quarter, which is traditionally the company's smallest revenue quarter of the year.
For the quarter, operating cash flow was a negative $98 million, compared with a negative $46 million from the first quarter of 2002. The $98 million use of cash in the first quarter of 2003 included an acquisition totaling $54 million and a $21 million use of cash related to the acquisition of in-process research and development activities, while the year-ago quarter included no significant acquisitions. Net cash provided by continuing operations, as determined under GAAP, in the first quarter of 2003 was $87 million, compared with $84 million in the year-ago period. Additions to properties, acquisitions and investments in unconsolidated affiliates, which accounts for the difference between operating cash flow and net cash provided by continuing operations, totaled $185 million and $130 million in the first quarter of 2003 and the first quarter of 2002, respectively. (Kodak defines operating cash flow as net cash provided by continuing operations, as determined under GAAP, plus proceeds from the sale of assets minus capital expenditures, acquisitions, investments in unconsolidated affiliates and dividends.)
The company's debt totaled $2.704 billion at the end of the quarter, and capital (total debt plus total shareholders' equity) totaled $5.568 billion, resulting in a debt-to-capital ratio of 48.6%, compared with 53.1% in the year-ago period.
Gross profit on an operational basis was 30.6%, compared with 31.8% in the year-ago period. GAAP gross profit was 30.1% in the first quarter, compared with 31.8% in the year-ago quarter. The exclusion of $14 million in accelerated depreciation accounts for the difference between operational and GAAP gross profit.
Selling, general and administrative expenses on an operational basis were 20.2% of sales, up from 20.0% in the year-ago quarter. GAAP SG&A expenses were 20.7% in the first quarter, compared with 20.0% a year ago. The exclusion of $12 million for an intellectual property settlement accounts for the difference in operational and GAAP SG&A.
Days sales outstanding (DSO) decreased approximately 11 days from the first quarter of 2002 and decreased approximately 2 days quarter sequentially, reflecting effective management of receivables. The DSO calculation includes the impact of reclassifying rebates as an offset to receivables for the last four quarters. Without the rebate reclassification, the improvement in DSO was 5 days.
Inventory turns increased to 5.4 turns in the first quarter of 2003 from 4.9 in the year-ago period. The inventory turn calculation excludes the impact of the LIFO reserve on inventory for the last four quarters. Including the impact of the LIFO reserve, inventory turns on a GAAP basis increased to 7.3 turns from 6.2 in the year-ago period.
The board of directors last week declared a semi-annual cash dividend of 90 cents per share on the outstanding common stock of the company, payable July 16 to shareholders of record at the close of business on June 2.
The segment results from continuing operations for the first quarter of 2003 are as follows:
Photography segment sales totaled $1.798 billion, down 1%. The segment posted a loss from operations of $25 million on an operational basis, compared with earnings from operations of $16 million a year ago. On a GAAP basis, the loss from operations was $46 million in the first quarter of 2003. The exclusion of $21 million for in-process R&D charges accounts for the difference in operational and GAAP earnings from operations for the segment. Highlights for the quarter included a 32% increase in sales of Digital & Applied Imaging products and services; a 17% increase in sales of Entertainment Imaging products and services; and a slight increase in share in the U.S. consumer film market, even as difficult economic conditions and high retailer inventories reduced sales of consumer film in the U.S.
Health Imaging sales were $549 million, up 5%. Earnings from operations on an operational and GAAP basis for the segment were $109 million, up from $76 million in the year-ago period. Highlights included higher-than-expected sales of the newly introduced Kodak DirectView Computed Radiography long-length imaging system.
Commercial Imaging sales were $372 million, up 7%. Earnings from operations on an operational and GAAP basis were $44 million, compared with $48 million in the year-ago period. All Other sales were $21 million, down from $24 million. Losses from operations on an operational and GAAP basis totaled $17 million, compared with losses of $7 million in the year-ago period. The All Other category includes Sensors, Optics and miscellaneous businesses, as well as the Kodak Display business.
Significant volatility exists in the company's operational business estimates for the future. If current trends continue into the second quarter, it is possible that second-quarter operational earnings could fall into the range of 60 cents per share to 80 cents per share. However, if a pick-up in consumer film consumption occurs, there could be upside to this estimate. As a result, Kodak currently expects full-year earnings to come in at the low end of the non-GAAP range of $2.35 to $2.95 per share provided by the company in January.
"While we continue to make progress driving operational improvements and delivering new products, we face external challenges beyond the control of any business today," Carp said. "Our first-quarter results reflect an unprecedented combination of events in recent times. Consumers have cut back significantly on travel and vacation spending, and that has impacted picture-taking.
"Our commercial operations turned in an excellent performance given economic conditions," Carp said. "Cinematographers have embraced the new Vision2 motion-picture film and Health Imaging continues to improve its operational execution."
"In this environment, Kodak will continue to work hard to generate cash and look for opportunities to make the company more cost competitive," Carp said. "We will allocate resources so that they align with our strategies for growth and the performance of the company's businesses.
"We also are strengthening our growth potential with the arrival of Antonio Perez as President and Chief Operating Officer," Carp said. "With Antonio's help, we will seek new and more profitable ways to increase the printing of pictures as digital photography becomes more popular, consistent with our four strategies for growth - maximize the value of film; making digital easy; driving output in all its forms; and developing new businesses in new markets. Once the economy rebounds, we intend to have Kodak positioned to take full advantage of the opportunities available to us in the $385 billion infoimaging market."
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