Courier Reports .7M Profit on Quarter
Thursday, January 15, 2009
Press release from the issuing companyNORTH CHELMSFORD, Mass.--Jan. 14, 2009--Courier Corporation, one of America's leading book manufacturers and specialty publishers, today announced results for the quarter ended December 27, 2008, the first quarter of its 2009 fiscal year. A modest rise in book manufacturing sales was offset by across-the-board declines in the company's specialty publishing segment, reflecting reduced spending by both retailers and consumers as the United States economy continued to slow. Revenues for the quarter were $59.6 million, down 5% from last year's first-quarter sales of $62.9 million. Net income for the quarter was $0.7 million, compared to $1.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. Net income per diluted share for the quarter was $.06 versus $.11 in the first quarter of fiscal 2008.
Sales were down in all three of Courier's publishing businesses. The steepest declines were at Creative Homeowner in keeping with recent quarters and the persistent weakness in the nation's housing sector. The increased operating loss at Creative Homeowner for the quarter accounted for the entire decline in Courier's first-quarter net income from fiscal 2008. Results were better in the company's book manufacturing segment, with revenues up 2% and operating income up substantially, led by gains in sales of four-color books to educational and trade publishers.
"The U.S. economy continued to take a toll on our performance this quarter," said Courier Chairman and Chief Executive Officer James F. Conway III. "We took aggressive measures to manage in this tough environment, and they are helping--most notably the December completion of Creative Homeowner's previously announced exit from its ancillary book distribution business. But with businesses and consumers everywhere cutting back on spending, our industry has inevitably felt the effects.
"Against this dark picture, we had isolated successes in publishing and a generally positive quarter in book manufacturing, with a small gain in the religious market and robust growth in sales of four-color textbooks and trade books. Unfortunately, we also saw a continuing decline in demand for one- and two-color work, which led to reduced capacity utilization at several plants. As a result, with great regret, earlier this week we announced the closing of the smallest of these facilities, Book-mart Press in North Bergen, New Jersey.
"By managing conservatively, aligning our capacity closely with customer needs and continuing to deliver outstanding service, we are confident that we will get through this recession as we have in generations past. And we are determined to do so in a manner that will position us favorably in relation to emerging opportunities, industry competitors and the eventual increase in demand."
Book manufacturing sales and income rise on four-color gains
Courier's book manufacturing segment had first-quarter sales of $50.9 million, up 2% from $49.7 million in last year's first quarter. The segment's operating income was $3.6 million, up 51% from $2.4 million a year ago. Gross profit in the segment rose to $10.6 million from $10.4 million in fiscal 2008, and as a percentage of sales was unchanged at 20.9%.
The book manufacturing segment focuses on three publishing markets: education, religious, and specialty trade. Sales to the education market were up 4% in the quarter, primarily from sales of four-color textbooks for colleges and universities. Sales to the specialty trade market were up 10%, again driven by increased four-color demand. Sales to the religious market were up 1% from last year's first quarter, in keeping with long-term growth expectations in the low single digits.
The segment's solid growth in four-color sales was partly offset by sagging demand at the one- and two-color levels, a trend made worse by the weak economy. Faced with this trend and the need for cost reductions throughout the company, on January 12th Courier announced the closing of Book-mart Press, Inc., a business dedicated to short-run, single-color production. Acquired by Courier in 1997, Book-mart had 72 employees and approximately $7 million of sales annually. The company estimates that over the next two quarters, severance costs and other expenses related to the closing will total approximately $2 million, or $.10 per diluted share.
"Our past investments in four-color technology served us well this quarter," said Mr. Conway. "Our double-digit growth in four-color sales was by far the brightest spot in a gloomy economic picture. Inevitably, the steady shift to four-color has made a portion of our one- and two-color capacity redundant, and in this weak economy we have had to trim operations to reflect that reality. At the same time, we will still be able to serve our Book-mart customers at our other manufacturing plants. We are grateful for the past contributions of Book-mart Press and its employees, and we will do our best to help them through this painful transition.
"Meanwhile, our growth in education sales reflects the return of a stronger focus on the college market. We have served this market well for many years, and though much of our recent expansion in Kendallville, Indiana was focused on books for the elementary and high school levels, that capacity is equally applicable to college textbooks and four-color trade books. Today, with state and local school budgets under intense pressure, we hope continued growth in the college and trade markets will add stability to an uncertain outlook for 2009."
Specialty publishing sales down; Creative Homeowner exits book distribution
Courier's specialty publishing segment includes three businesses: Dover Publications, a niche publisher with thousands of titles in dozens of specialty trade markets; Research & Education Association (REA), a publisher of test preparation books and study guides; and Creative Homeowner, which publishes books on home design, decorating, landscaping and gardening.
First-quarter revenues for the segment were $11.5 million, down 25% from $15.3 million in last year's first quarter. Sales were down in all three businesses, with declines of 13% at Dover, 27% at REA and 41% at Creative Homeowner, nearly all attributable to the weak economy and reduced consumer spending. Of the segment's resulting operating loss of $1.9 million, more than $1.5 million was incurred at Creative Homeowner, including approximately $250,000 related to its December exit from its side business as a general book distributor serving a single customer. Following this transition, the customer, a nationwide retailer, continues as a major sales channel for books published by Creative Homeowner.
"All of our publishing businesses faced a daunting sales environment in what turned out to be one of the worst holiday seasons for American retailers in many years," said Mr. Conway. "Despite positive responses to many new Dover products and a few successes such as its Obama paper doll book, the downward trend was inescapable. At Creative Homeowner, the decline was deeper, reflecting the continuing crisis in America's housing sector. However, the company's exit from its book distribution business has removed a significant source of operating losses and will now allow Creative Homeowner to focus exclusively on its core publishing activities. In addition, throughout all of our brands, we are adding lower-priced titles and special promotions that give consumers attractive new ways to obtain maximum value for every dollar spent."
"With the United States economy in recession, our sales environment remains challenging," said Mr. Conway. "At the same time, we do not know what effects, if any, the incoming administration's economic stimulus package will have on this situation. As a result, forecasting is unusually difficult, and so our guidance for fiscal 2009 will continue to be wider than usual.
"We do, however, expect to perform well in book manufacturing, with continued sales growth in religious scriptures as well as four-color books for the education and trade markets. In specialty publishing, we have adjusted our sales outlook to reflect the continuing caution of consumers and retailers. But we believe the difficult organizational steps we have taken in both of our business segments will help to bring our cost structure in line with market conditions.
"For fiscal 2009, we project total sales of between $269 million and $281 million. And we expect full-year earnings per diluted share of $1.10 to $1.25, excluding the charges related to Book-mart Press, versus $1.22 per share in fiscal 2008, excluding last year's third quarter impairment charge.
"Factors not incorporated into our guidance include the potential impact of continued weakness in the credit markets on customers, competitors and vendors in both of our business segments, and the possibility of future impairment or restructuring charges.
"In addition to measuring our performance by generally accepted accounting principles, we also track several non-GAAP measures including EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) as an additional indicator of the company's operating cash flow performance. This measure should be considered in addition to, not a substitute for or superior to measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. For the first quarter of fiscal 2009, Courier's EBITDA was $7 million, compared to $8 million for last year's first quarter. For the full year, we expect EBITDA to be between $44 million and $47 million."
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