Economics & Research Blog
Profits Data Show Resilience of Leading Firms in Tough Economic Times
The PIA Financial Ratios have been published for decades,
By Dr. Joe Webb
Published: September 24, 2013
The PIA Financial Ratios have been published for decades, and may be the most recognized of the association's publications. There are, of course, problems with all kinds of research gathering efforts, but the positives of the Ratios reports outweigh the negatives from a methodological standpoint. Sure, the Ratios are not based on a carefully selected sample of printers, but are of the voluntary participants who pay to participate. Different firms participate each year, so it's not a longitudinal study of the same groups of printers, but enough do to make it interesting. There is no effective way to understand tax planning issues and their effects on the ratios (such as businesses that purposely have near zero profits to minimize the double taxation of some corporate structures by taking salaries and bonuses). Once can basically hurl all kinds of statistical suspicions at the reports, but they remain the longest running report of printing business performance with a consistently applied methodology.
Profit leaders are defined as the top 25% of performers and with a bit of easy algebra, it's easy to tease out what I have referred to as "the other three-quarters" and how they live. The below chart does just that. I'm more interested in the comparative performance of the two groups in slow times. First, a general review of the data shows that for the period 2000 to 2012 the average for all printers was 1.9% and for the leaders it was 9.3%. Once you subtract the profit leaders, the "other three-quarters" averaged -0.5%. That means that the gap between the leaders and the rest of the industry was 9.8 percentage points (it sounds so much more impressive to put it in Wall Street jargon and call it "980 basis points"). (click chart to enlarge)
With that as a guide, look at 2009, the year the recession bottomed and turned into a recovery. Profit leaders only had a 7.0% profit rate, but the rest of the printers lost -4.2%. That made the gap 11.2 percentage points. You can look through the rest of the chart and see that the slightest economic sluggishness had a wider gap between the leaders and the rest. Profit leaders find a way to perform every year. While the aspects of printing profitability can be debated for days and weeks or months, it is usually the case that there is not one specific thing that leaders do, but their businesses are better throughout most every aspect of their operational activities.
Too many printers use the "all printers" data as their guide for operations. That leads to the acceptance of mediocre performance. Financial performance is the result of management decisions and actions, especially about the future. This means you can't manage the numbers, but you manage the actions. The gap between the leaders and the "three-quarters" teaches a significant lesson about where goals should be: creating a resilient, scalable organization, that does a lot more than "hunker down" if the tide turns against it.
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